jurisdictions in the world—in the US, Canada, Australia, England, Wales, Scotland and N. Ireland—have passed bans or Strong Restrictions on retail sales of puppies, kittens and sometimes rabbits, ferrets, pot-bellied pigs and other animals.

ordinances in 2016
095 ordinances in 2017 & '18 combined
ordinances in 2019
Dog face emoji Bans Restrictions Cat Face emoji
Hover over state, province, country for quick stats; click for details.
Hover over states, provinces or countries for data. Click for details.

Most Recent of bans

326 Downers Grove, Illinois— includes rabbits and a store that will have to change to humane.
325 Medford Lakes, New Jersey
324 Vernon Hills, Illinois
323 Athens, Alabama — 2nd in the state.
322 Indian Harbour Beach, Florida — includes rabbits, ferrets, guinea pigs, ducks and chickens
321 Fulton County, Georgia
320 Mount Dora, Florida
316-19 First countrywide bans. UK: ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, WALES, NORTHERN IRELAND — Mandated 2019, effective 2020.

my_location Interactive Map of International Bans & Restrictions

Countrywide Bans State Ban City Ban County Ban Strong restrictions. Active Puppy Store Active Puppy Store Rabbit Sales Bans Other Bans Other Bans Failed Lawsuits Lawsuits Against Stores State Prohibitions Reversed Bans
Bans w/ Stores
Failed Lawsuits
Suits v. Stores

Other Map Categories & Layers info_outline

Resolutions and Statements of Support

Resolutions and Statements of Support Resolutions of Support

  1. New York State Attorney General
  2. Macomb County, Michigan
  3. Camden County, New Jersey: 15 incorporated jurisdictions
  4. Middlesex County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions
  5. Ocean County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions
  6. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  7. Monmouth County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions
  8. Mercer County, New Jersey: 11 incorporated jurisdictions.
  9. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  10. Passaic County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions.
  11. Bergen County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions.

See map layer↑ "Resolutions of support" for details and links.

Lawsuits Against Bans

: Lawsuits Against Bans Have Failed. Bans Upheld

Jurisdictions and activists have won in federal courts times: San Diego puppy store owner David Salinas sued each individual member of the City Council, activists and organizations including Companion Animal Protection Society and Humane Society of the US which helped write the ordinance. Judge dismissed the charges for all but the City of San Diego. A month later, Mr. Salinas dropped the suit against the city.

Cook County suit was dismissed twice by a federal judge: First in May and again with new arguments in August. Cook County, 2:2.

Embattled NJ puppy store chain owner (and owner of a MO puppy mill) Vincent LoSacco dropped his suit against the borough of Emerson, NJ, 7/2016.

  1. San Diego, California
    • Aug 2014, judge dismissed most charges.
    • Sep 2014, plaintiff dropped suit.
  2. East Providence, Rhode Island - Mar 2015, dismissed.
  3. Cook County, Illinois - May 2015, dismissed.
  4. Sunrise, Florida - Jun 2015, upheld.
  5. Phoenix, Florida - Jul 2015, upheld.
  6. Cook County, Illinois - Aug 2015, appeal dismissed.
  7. New York, New York - Oct 2015, dismissed. [ Strong restrictions ]
  8. Chicago, Illinois - Nov 2015, dismissed.
  9. East Providence, Rhode Island - Dec 2015, appeal dismissed.
  10. Palm Beach Gardens, Florida - Dec 2015, dismissed under summary judgement.
  11. Emerson, New Jersey - Jul 2016, store owner dropped suit against borough.
  12. Sarasota, Florida - Jun 2017, Petland loses final appeal to keep selling despite county ban.
  13. Chicago, Illinois - Sep 2017, Series of federal court rulings – the latest upholding a Chicago anti-puppy-mill law – affirm state, local efforts against animal cruelty

See map layer↑ "Failed Legal Challenges" for details and links.

See Lawsuits Brief under Summaries ↓

Breeding Bans and "Lemon Laws"

Breeding and Consumer Protection Laws

Not comprehensive, includes those we've seen in and around ban ordinances.
  • 17 Breeding bansBreeding Bans
  • 21 Consumer protection states (so-called "lemon laws")Consumer Protections
Lawsuits Against Stores

Lawsuits Against Stores Suits Against Stores

  1. Petland, Novi, Michigan, breach of contract and alleged multiple violations of the Consumer Protection Act, 3/2018.
    Novi Petland sued for allegedly selling diseased and sick puppies A Novi pet shop owner has been sued by 16 people alleging he sells sick and diseased animals. Randy Horowitz, owner and operator of Petland, located inside Twelve Oaks Mall, has been sued amid allegations that he knowingly sold puppies that suffered from genetic defects, had infections as well as highly contagious and deadly diseases between 2012 and 2016.
  2. Petland, Henderson, Nevada, Criminal neglect, 19 counts, 12/2017.
    Henderson Petland fined thousands for sick dog, overcrowding violations The owner is now facing criminal charges and has been fined more than $12,000. Animal Control officers said the store failed to follow laws designed to protect people from buying unhealthy pets.
  3. Petland Pet Store National Chain, Atlanta, Georgia, 7/2017.
    Animal Legal Defense Fund Files Nationwide Racketeering Class Action Lawsuit Against Petland
  4. Petlands Kennesaw & Sarasota, FL 11/15.
    I guess now that it is on public record I can officially announce we ARE taking legal action against Petland and the owners of Petland Kennesaw and Petland Sarasota, Lamar and Brad Parker. Video: Shut down Petland in Sarasota, FL Facebook post.
  5. Mount Clemens, Michigan, 8/2015.
    Puppy buyers seek to close Mount Clemens pet store
    A law firm on Monday will seek a permanent injunction in Macomb County Circuit Court in an attempt to bar a Mount Clemens pet store from selling allegedly sick animals.
    Jennifer Measel of Farmington Hills-based Haas & Goldstein, P.C. wants a judge to issue a cease-and-desist order to prevent the operators of Little Dogz from the further sale of any animals.
    “We want to be sure they can no longer sell pets to the public,” Measel said.
    Thirty-one plaintiffs are now included in the lawsuit that was filed in March seeking monetary damages for multiple violations of the Consumer Protection Act after purchasing puppies that were allegedly defective, suffering from infections or highly contagious diseases.
  6. Class-Action v. Barkworks, Southern CA, 9/2014, expanded.
    Class-Action Encouragement: Barkworks’ Case Brings Puppy Mills Into Focus, 11/2015
    Barkworks, a pet-store chain in four Southern California counties. In October, ALDF broadly expanded its lawsuit against Barkworks, initially filed in Orange County in September 2014 on behalf of a handful of individual plaintiffs, by adding class-action allegations, thus filing on behalf of a broad class of misled purchasers of the chain's puppies.
  7. Furry Babies' Pet Store Faces Lawsuit for Allegedly Selling Unhealthy Puppy Mill Puppies", 3/13.
    Original posting from 1/2013, “Furry Babies” Pet Store Faces Lawsuit for Allegedly Selling Unhealthy Puppy Mill Puppies and latest update, 6/2016.
    Good news for consumers and dogs: an Illinois court has ruled that a lawsuit alleging that a Chicago-area pet store chain that sold sick puppy mill puppies can proceed to trial, rejecting the pet store’s second attempt to have the case dismissed.

See map layer↑ "Lawsuits Against Stores" for details and links.

See Lawsuits Brief under Summaries ↓

event Total Bans By Year

Number of bans by year

list DETAILS Ocean wave emoji

public Worldwide: jurisdictions in states or provinces

have passed retail pet sale bans or strong restrictions

  • Cities
  • Counties
  • Statewide
  • Countrywide
Strong Restrictions
  • Cities
  • Counties
  • Statewide
States/Provinces/Countries have passed:
  • local bans in states/provinces [ in ]
  • statewide bans in countries [ in ]
  • countrywide bans [ in ]
  • states with statewide bans had previously passed
    local bans [ in ]
  • strong restrictions in states [ in ]
  • states/provinces have passed both
    bans and restrictions [ in ]

account_balance Breakdown by Country

city, county and statewide bans
and restrictions in states.
bans in states Jurisdictions
0 counties
00 statewide
strong restrictions in states Jurisdictions
Canada flag CANADA
city bans & restrictions in provinces.
bans in provinces Jurisdictions
strong restriction in city Jurisdictions
Australian flag AUSTRALIA
statewide ban.
ban in state Jurisdictions
UK flag United Kingdom
countrywide bans Jurisdictions

location_city Jurisdictions

US flag US states have passed bans
statewide bans. also passed strong restrictions

  1. AL flag Alabama
    1. Huntsville 12/18
    2. Athens 1/19
  2. Arizona
    Jurisdictions Bans nullified by state law.
    1. Phoenix, 12/13
    2. Tempe 2/16
    We count these cities for passing bans. Why↓
  3. CA flag California
    Jurisdictions state ban Statewide ban 10/13/17
    1. South Lake Tahoe 4/09
    2. West Hollywood 2/10
    3. Hermosa Beach 3/10
    4. Turlock 5/10
    5. Glendale 8/11
    6. Irvine 10/11
    7. Dana Point 1/12
    8. Chula Vista 3/12
    9. Laguna Beach 5/12
    10. Aliso Viejo 5/12
    11. Huntington Beach 6/12
    12. Los Angeles 10/12
    13. Burbank 2/13
    14. Rancho Mirage 2/13
    15. San Diego 7/13
    16. Ventura County 12/13
    17. Chino Hills 10/14
    18. Oceanside 1/15
    19. Long Beach 3/15
    20. Garden Grove 4/15
    21. Encinitas 6/15
    22. Beverly Hills 7/15
    23. Vista 9/15
    24. Palm Springs 9/15
    25. San Marcos 1/16
    26. Cathedral City 1/16
    27. Truckee 2/16
    28. La Quinta 3/16
    29. Indio 4/16
    30. Carlsbad 5/16
    31. Colton 6/16
    32. Solana Beach 6/16
    33. San Francisco 2/17
    34. Sacramento 5/17
    35. South Pasadena 5/17
    36. Del Mar 6/17
    37. Statewide ban 10/17
  4. CO flag Colorado
    1. Fountain 5/11
  5. Florida
    1. Lake Worth 2/11
    2. North Bay Village 5/11
    3. Flagler Beach 11/11
    4. Coral Gables 11/11
    5. Opa-Locka 11/11
    6. Hallandale Beach 4/12
    7. Margate 10/13
    8. Pinecrest 10/13
    9. Palmetto Bay 12/13
    10. Coconut Creek 1/14
    11. Wellington 1/14
    12. Surfside 2/14
    13. Aventura 3/14
    14. Wilton Manors 3/14
    15. Greenacres 4/14
    16. North Lauderdale 4/14
    17. Bay Harbor Islands 4/14
    18. Pompano Beach 5/14
    19. Bal Harbour Village 5/14
    20. Sunny Isles Beach 5/14
    21. Miami Beach 5/14
    22. North Miami Beach 5/14
    23. Dania Beach 6/14
    24. Palm Beach Gardens 7/14
    25. Juno Beach 8/14
    26. Cutler Bay 8/14
    27. North Palm Beach 8/14
    28. Hypoluxo 9/14
    29. Jupiter 10/14
    30. Homestead 10/14
    31. Tamarac 12/14
    32. Palm Beach 1/15
    33. North Miami 4/15
    34. Lauderhill 4/15
    35. Fernandina Beach 7/15
    36. Jacksonville Beach 8/15
    37. Deerfield Beach 11/15
    38. West Melbourne 11/15
    39. Casselberry 11/15
    40. Neptune Beach 1/16
    41. Sarasota County 1/16
    42. Delray Beach 3/16
    43. South Miami 1/16
    44. Hollywood 6/16
    45. Saint Petersburg 7/16
    46. Key West 8/16
    47. Miramar 8/16
    48. Palm Beach County 9/16
      ↑Affects 39 cities. 8 stores grandfathered with strong restrictions
    49. Safety Harbor 11/16
    50. Holmes Beach 3/17
    51. Hillsborough County 5/17
      ↑3 stores grandfathered
    52. Fort Lauderdale 6/17
    53. DeSoto County 7/17
    54. Oakland Park 12/17
    55. Seminole County 2/18
    56. Atlantic Beach 2/18
    57. Lake County 5/18
    58. Sanford 7/18
    59. Dunedin 7/18
    60. Royal Palm Beach 9/18
    61. Mount Dora 1/19
    62. Indian Harbour Bch01/19
    We count Miami as a strong restriction. Why↓
  6. GA flag Georgia
    1. Canton 3/17
    2. Holly Springs 5/17
    3. Waleska 5/17
    4. Woodstock 6/17
    5. Senoia 11/17
    6. Sandy Springs 11/17
    7. Ball Ground 1/18
    8. Centerville 1/18
    9. Atlanta 11/18
    10. Fulton County 1/19
  7. IL flag Illinois
    1. Waukegan 6/12
    2. Chicago 3/14
    3. Cook County 5/15
    4. Warrenville 1/16
    5. Crest Hill 10/17
    6. Kankakee County 5/18
    7. Vernon Hills 2/19
    8. Downers Grove 2/19
  8. IA flag Iowa
    1. Fraser 10/17
    2. Stuart 1/18
    3. Boone 3/18
  9. ME flag Maine
    1. Portland 9/16
    2. Bar Harbor 12/16
  10. MD flag Maryland
    Jurisdictions state ban Statewide ban 4/24/18
    1. Montgomery County 2/15
    2. Statewide ban 4/18
  11. MA flag Massachusetts
    1. Boston 3/16
    2. Stoneham 5/17
    3. Cambridge 8/17
  12. MI flag Michigan
    1. Memphis 6/15
    2. Eastpointe 9/15
    3. Fraser 12/15
  13. MN flag Minnesota
    1. Roseville 3/17
    2. Eden Prairie 5/18
    3. St. Paul 12/18
  14. NV flag Nevada
    Jurisdictions 0.0 Las Vegas 1/16
    ↑Council reversed 11/17
    1. North Las Vegas 11/16
    2. Mesquite 5/16
    We do not count this reversal. Why↓
  15. NJ flag New Jersey
    1. Point Pleasant 5/12
    2. Brick 2/16
    3. Manasquan 9/12
    4. Point Pleasant Beach 10/12
    5. Hoboken 8/13
    6. Oceanport 8/13
    7. North Brunswick 10/13
    8. Randolph 9/14
    9. Camden County 9/15
    10. Audubon 10/15
    11. Voorhees Township 10/15
    12. Brooklawn 10/15
    13. Cherry Hill 10/15
    14. Waterford 10/15
    15. Merchantville 11/15
    16. Laurel Springs 12/15
    17. Oaklyn 12/15
    18. Somerdale 11/15
    19. Haddon Heights 12/15
    20. Westville 11/15
    21. Mercer County 11/15
    22. Deptford 12/15
    23. Runnemede 12/15
    24. Magnolia 12/15
    25. Gloucester Township 12/15
    26. Glassboro 12/15
    27. Monmouth County 1/16
    28. Ocean County 2/16
    29. Bellmawr 1/16
    30. Berlin Township 2/16
    31. Clementon 3/16
    32. Middlesex County 3/16
    33. Pine Hill 3/16
    34. Winslow Township 3/16
    35. Haddon Township 3/16
    36. Jackson 3/16
    37. Collingswood 4/16
    38. Audubon Park 4/16
    39. Mount Ephraim 4/16
    40. Barrington 4/16
    41. Berlin Borough 4/16
    42. East Brunswick 4/16
    43. Gloucester City 4/16
    44. Chesilhurst 5/16
    45. Greenwich Township 5/16
    46. Passaic County 5/16
    47. West Deptford 5/16
    48. Pennsauken 5/16
    49. Mantua 5/16
    50. Gibbsboro 6/16
    51. Beverly 6/16
    52. Little Ferry 6/16
    53. Hi-Nella 6/16
    54. Bergen County 6/16
    55. Wyckoff 6/16
    56. Lindenwold 6/16
    57. Bordentown 6/16
    58. Hackensack 6/16
    59. Mount Holly 7/16
    60. Camden 7/16
    61. Pitman 7/16
    62. Maywood 7/16
    63. East Rutherford 7/16
    64. Union City 7/16
    65. Clayton 7/16
    66. Burlington County 7/16
    67. Glen Rock 7/16
    68. Woodcliff Lake 8/16
    69. Saddle Brook 8/16
    70. Woodlynne 8/16
    71. Washington Twnshp 8/16
      ↟Council override of mayoral veto
    72. Morris County 8/16
    73. Upper Saddle River 9/16
    74. Eatontown 9/16
    75. Swedesboro 9/16
    76. Hamilton 9/16
    77. Fairview 9/16
    78. Tavistock Country Club 9/16
    79. Fanwood 9/16
    80. Ridgefield09/16
    81. Wallington 9/16
    82. New Milford 9/16
    83. Ridgewood 10/16
    84. Edgewater 10/16
    85. Woodbury Heights 10/16
    86. Marlboro 10/16
    87. Fair Lawn 10/16
    88. Pine Valley 10/16
    89. Ocean Township 10/16
    90. North Arlington 11/16
    91. Watchung 11/16
    92. Frenchtown 12/16
    93. Palisades Park 12/16
    94. Union Beach 1/17
    95. Cliffside Park 2/17
    96. Statford 2/17
    97. Burlington 2/17
    98. Bradley Beach 2/17
    99. Haddonfield 2/17
    100. Bound Brook 3/17
    101. Livingston 3/17
    102. Franklin 3/17
    103. Manalapan 4/17
    104. Scotch Plains 4/17
    105. Lodi 4/17
    106. Secaucus 4/17
    107. East Newark 4/17
    108. Roselle Park 5/17
    109. Harrison 5/17
    110. Brielle 5/17
    111. Matawan 6/17
    112. Caldwell 6/17
    113. Maple Shade 6/17
    114. N. Plainfield 6/17
    115. Asbury Park 6/17
    116. Leonia 7/17
    117. Hopewell Township 7/17
    118. Springfield 9/17
    119. Nutley 10/17
    120. Cranford 10/17
    121. Moorestown 10/17
    122. Rahway 11/17
    123. Lawrence 2/18
    124. Holmdel 2/18
    125. Barnegat 2/18
    126. Westfield 4/18
    127. Garwood 6/18
    128. Palmyra 4/18
    129. Linden 6/18
    130. Teaneck 9/18
    131. Shamong 11/18
    132. South Orange 11/18
    133. Wall 12/18
    134. Medford Lakes 2/19
    PMFUS counts all counties and a country club which include bans in their resolutions of support though lack the authority over businesses locally. Why.↓
  16. NM flag New Mexico
    1. Rio Rancho 4/17
    2. Albuquerque 6/06
  17. NY flag New York
    1. Mamaroneck 2/16
    2. Mount Pleasant 3/16
    3. Yorktown 8/16
    4. Rye Brook 8/16
    5. Port Chester 10/16
  18. OH flag Ohio
    Jurisdictions Bans nullified by state law.
    1. Toledo 12/13
    2. Grove City 3/16
    We count these cities for passing bans. Why↓
  19. PA flag Pennsylvania
    1. Pittsburgh 12/15
    2. Philadelphia 4/16
  20. RI flag Rhode Island
    1. East Providence 6/14
    2. Warwick 6/17
  21. TN flag Tennessee
    1. Nashville 5/18
    2. Franklin 12/18
  22. TX flag Texas
    1. El Paso 10/10
    2. Austin 12/10
    3. Ft. Worth 6/18
  23. UT flag Utah
    1. Salt Lake County 10/15
    2. Sandy City 5/18
    3. Midvale 5/18
    4. Murray 8/18
    5. Salt Lake City 11/18
  24. WA flag Washington
    1. Bainbridge Island 6/17
    2. Bremerton 9/17
    3. Poulsbo 1/18
  25. WY flag Wyoming
    1. Rock Springs 4/18

Canada flag Canadian provinces with local bans
also passed strong restrictions

  1. BC British Columbia
    1. Richmond 11/10
    2. New Westminster 11/12
    3. Vancouver 6/17
    4. Delta 10/17
    5. Surrey 3/18
    6. Burnaby 6/18
  2. ON flag Ontario
    1. Mississauga 7/12
    2. Toronto 2/13
    3. Kingston 8/13
    4. Vaughan 4/14
    5. Waterloo 8/14
    6. Ottawa 3/16
    7. Oakville 3/16
    8. Richmond Hill 6/16
    9. Cambridge 10/16
    10. Chatham-Kent 4/17
    11. London 12/17
  3. QB flag Quebec
    1. Rosemont-La Petite Patrie 12/11
    2. Hudson 9/14
    3. Beaconsfield 12/15

Australian flag. Australian state with ban
statewide ban

  1. VC flag Victoria
    Jurisdictions state ban Statewide ban 12/14/17
    1. Victoria 12/17

UK flag United Kingdom countrywide bans
Mandated 1/2019, effective 1/2020

  1. England/UK flag England
  2. Wales flag Wales
  3. Scotland flag Scotland
  4. UK flag for Northern Ireland Northern Ireland

US flag US states with local or statewide restrictions
of these also passed bans

  1. Arizona
    1. Statewide 6/14
  2. Connecticut flag Connecticut
    1. Statewide 5/16
  3. FL flag Florida local
    1. Parkland 11/10
    2. Sunrise County 4/13
      ↑Allows local hobby breeders
    3. Plantation 8/15
    4. Coral Springs 9/15
    5. Miami 7/17
      ↑Allows local hobby breeders
  4. IL flag Illinois
    1. Mundelein 11/16
    2. Statewide 11/15
  5. Louisiana flag Louisiana
    1. Statewide 6/16
  6. NJ flag New Jersey
    1. Statewide 1/15
    2. Emerson 6/16
    3. Park Ridge 7/16
  7. New York
    1. Suffolk County 6/14
    2. New York City 12/14
  8. Ohio
    1. Statewide 3/17
  9. VA flag Virginia
    1. Statewide 3/15
    2. Virginia Beach 3/16

Canada flag Canadian province with local restriction
Province has passed bans

  1. ON flag Ontario
    1. Welland 11/14


bookmark_border Selected Media

  • Petfinder logoWhat is a Puppy Mill?

    According to the ASPCA, a puppy mill is a “large-scale commercial dog breeding operation where profit is given priority over the well-being of the dogs.”

    Puppies born in a puppy mill are often sold at as young as 8 weeks old, to brokers and/or retailers who then sell the puppies to the consumer. Some puppy mills sell directly to the public through web sites, newspaper classifieds or at flea markets. (ASPCA).

    According to the Humane Society of the United States, there are an estimated 10,000 puppy mills in the United States, only 2,024 of which are USDA licensed.

    These 10,000 operations are responsible for the sale of 2.15 million puppies in the United States. (HSUS, Puppy Mills Research)

    See article in another tab →

  • Main Line Animal Rescue logoMLAR continues to fight for dogs imprisoned in our nation's puppy mills.

    We all know puppy mills are bad. Factory farms where thousands of breeding dogs are kept in cages slightly larger than their own bodies.

    Underfed dogs feeding an industry of corruption and greed. Instead of walking on grass, they spend a lifetime on painful wire flooring in cramp rabbit hutches. Instead of collars or bandanas, they wear rusted livestock clips in their ears or chains with USDA tags embedded in their necks. Undeserving of a name after eight years of service, a breeding female is often starved to death or led into a dark cornfield and shot once she can no longer produce puppies for market.

    See article in another tab →

  • PAWS logoBuyer Beware: The Problem with Puppy Mills and Backyard Breeders

    Puppy mills are commercial breeding facilities that mass-produce dogs (and cats in cat mills) for sale through pet stores, or directly to consumers through classified ads or the Internet. Roughly 90 percent of puppies in pet stores come from puppy mills. Many retailers who buy animals from such facilities take the wholesaler's word that the animals are happy and healthy without seeing for themselves.

    In most states, these commercial breeding kennels can legally keep hundreds of dogs in cages their entire lives, for the sole purpose of continuously churning out puppies. The animals produced range from purebreds to any number of the latest "designer" mixed breeds. Cat breeding occurs under similar conditions to supply pet stores with kittens.

    See article in another tab →

  • Puppy Mill Project LogoThe Amish And Puppy Mills: The Puppy Mill Project

    The Amish are not quite as anachronistic as they may appear at first glance: contemporary Amish have cell phones, caller ID, answering machines, generator-operated heaters and propane-driven appliances. While car ownership is banned, they see nothing wrong in riding in them and often hire others to shuttle them around town. Telephones are not allowed in Amish homes, but many are found in barns or booths, called shanties. Many Amish own freezers but keep them in non-Amish neighbors' homes, sometimes paying rent for the space. (Mennonites, the older, less-strict religious order from whom the Amish split in the 1600's, drive cars and have electricity. Old Order Mennonites, also known as "horse & buggy" Mennonites, are but a mirror image of the Amish.)

    Besides raising cows and chickens, hundreds of Amish (and Mennonites), are engaged in another "agricultural" venture, that of large-scale dog breeding known as puppy mills. When it comes to the subject of dog breeding and the Amish, nowhere are the sounds of silence by tight-lipped local officials and the Tourism Board more apparent. Given that the Amish are well known for their agricultural skills, it's no wonder that most people are stunned when told that many Amish, with their large-scale commercials kennels, are responsible for Pennsylvania's reputation among the animal welfare community as the "puppy mill capital of the east."

    See article in another tab →

  • Daily Mail logoOne in five puppies bought online die before they reach six months old and many are more aggressive

    Welfare organisations claim such breeders are only interested in profits, not the animals’ health or well-being.

    As a consequence, many die due to poor health while still puppies or require expensive veterinary treatment. They are also more likely to display aggressive or unsociable behaviour.

    Experts warn that any prospective owner should ideally buy their pet from a registered breeder or a rescue centre, and visit the premises to see the puppy with its mother and inspect health certificates.

    See article in another tab →

  • Michigan State Animal Center logo Something Stinks: The Need for Environmental
    Regulation of Puppy Mills

    The overwhelming smell is always the first to hit you. [FN2] Next it is the sound; twenty-five to forty wire mesh cages, many containing multiple puppies, line the walls of this Conshohocken, Pennsylvania pet store. The cages have drip pans underneath, which are supposed to allow for easy clean up of waste, but the puppies are still covered in their own excrement and urine. When asked about the breeding information for a beautiful, friendly American-Eskimo Keeshond designer mix selling for five hundred dollars, the store employee gives a generalized description of “somewhere in Pennsylvania.” [FN3] Skirting the identification of a puppy's breeder can be a puppy mill warning signal.

    See article in another tab →

  • Today Show logo AKC-registered breeders raising dogs in 'miserable' conditions

build Community Organizing

AZ Activists
Arizona activists aren't deterred by the statewide prohibition on local puppy store bans. Larger…

flight_takeoff National/International Organizations

people Local Organizations By State/Province

Join a group or start a community initiative of your own!
See our buildCommunity Organizing section on how to become active in your community.
email Something we're missing? Email us with updates. ⇾

speaker_notes SUMMARIES

BansMap of Bans

Throughout the world, jurisdictions [US: , Canada: , AUS: , UK: ] have passed a ban on the sales of puppies, kittens and sometimes rabbits, ferrets, pigs and other animals in retail stores unless procured from accredited shelters or rescues, also known as "adopt-only" ordinances, including the entire states of California and Maryland in the US; Victoria, Australia, and the four countries of the UK.

Sunrise emoji

PMFUS counts all New Jersey counties (including 1 country club) which include bans in their resolutions of support, though they lack authority over businesses locally. Without the , the ban count is .

assignment Resolution 2015-550, Mercer County, New Jersey Minutes (page 71) ⇾

§Restrictions on the Sale of Animals
¶1A. A pet shop may only offer for sale those dogs and cats that the pet shop has obtained from or displays in cooperation with:
a). An animal care facility; or
b). An animal rescue organization
"[The ordinance] discourages and, in fact, prevents the sale of animals brought to our community under the most horrific circumstances that no community should ever condone."

—Jeff Nash, Camden County, New Jersey, Board Member, 9/2015. Video…. ⇾

A Note About Miami

Miami flag

Miami passed an ordinance on 7/27/17 that limits the sourcing of dogs and cats in retail stores, but allows for local backyard breeders to provide "products" to retail stores. This regulation is similar to one of the earliest strong restrictions tallied, in Sunrise County, Florida.

Since we know that breed-club breeders [e.g., Labrador Breeders of America] are under licensing restrictions to not sell to pet stores, which most of them wouldn’t do anyway, backyard breeders will be allowed to provide stores with pets: a puppy and kitten glut could ensue, stores might increase and a local pet mill problem could proliferate.

As of 3/2019, a search for puppy stores in Miami, unfortunately, bears this out.

We, therefore, have relegated this close-but-no-cigar ordinance to a strong restriction rather than a full ban.

Paw Prints emoji
Strong RestrictionsStrong Restrictions.

Strong restrictions include ordinances that require pet stores to post breeder information on the cages of pets for sale and do not allow pets from mills that have had a USDA inspection violation in the past 2-5 years, variously. These are next to impossible to enforce, allow for business as usual and are dependent on consumers and watch dog organizations to report violations.

On the upside, when strong restrictions are proven to be repeatedly violated, it leaves a governing council or legislature no choice but to implement a total ban as is the case with the state of Maryland which passed restrictions in May 2016 and a full ban in April 2018.

If the jurisdictions with strong restrictions [US: , Canada: ] that are causing puppy stores to close or change to humane are included, the number of international jurisdictions with pet sales bans or strong restrictions is .

Bans With Stores Active Puppy StoresActive Puppy Stores

Heart with stars emoji Jurisdictions cite the reasons for the ordinance as humanitarian/compassionate in nature since animals in puppy and kitten stores are virtually all sourced from large scale breeding operations, a.k.a. "puppy mills." Also frequently cited are issues of fraud as animals sold as pure-bred are sometimes not and animals born from sickly animals in pet mills can cost consumers in veterinarian and training bills. As costs rise, animals are all too frequently turned over to local, tax payer-funded shelters or sold online.

By our count, at least bans have passed injurisdictions that had at least one operating store in them the majority of which were/are effective immediately. Some have limited grandfathering, usually 6 months, though state bans are usually effective in one year as are the 4 countrywide bans in the UK.

Noted on our my_locationGoogle Interactive Map with a red puppy head icon for cities and red location marker for counties.

Rabbit Sales BansRabbit Sales Bans

jurisdictions name rabbits in their bans of retail sales including the state of California. Rabbits are often sourced from the same kind of reprehensible conditions as puppy and kitten mills, where profits are of greater concern than the animals' well-being. Rabbit face emoji

Other Animal Sales BansPot-Bellied Pig BansFerret Sales Bans

At least jurisdictions name other animals in their retail sales bans including ferret sales bans, long-lived birds, large reptiles and pot-belled pig bans.

Activists and elected officials argue that most animals found in stores are produced by the same pet mill animal suffering paradigm as puppy, kitten and rabbit mills. pig face emoji Monkey face emoji Mouse face emoji hamster face emoji Snake emoji Turtle emoji

LawsuitsFailed Lawsuits

Against Jurisdictions

To date, : (11 federal and 2 local) court lawsuits against jurisdictions have failed (including 4 appeals and 2 withdrawals) andall bans have been upheld.The lawsuits were brought by store owners and large-scale breeder support organizations.

Details…. ↑

Against Puppy Stores

known lawsuits are currently being brought against puppy stores and national chains selling puppies, kittens and other animals sourced from pet mills.

Details…. ↑ Thumbs up emoji

Against Activists

At least 1 lawsuit brought by store owners against activists has failed, not including the judge's dismissal of charges in San Diego brought by multiple stores-owner David Salinas against activists, non-profits and individual city council members. See Chicago pet store owners' defamation lawsuit tossed vs puppy mill activist; judge says 'no malice'

09/23/17: Series of federal court rulings – the latest upholding a Chicago anti-puppy-mill law – affirm state, local efforts against animal cruelty. Humane Society of the United States

11/16/16: Petland sues Sarasota Co. over controversial 'puppy mill' ordinance .

1/23/17: "The injunction was denied by the court therefore after this Friday (the 27th of January) Petland Sarasota MUST obey the new law and STOP all sales of cats and dogs." —FB post.

6/19/17: "The Appeal Court denied Petland's injunction. This means the court has officially established that Petland should abide by the law that passed last year and came into affect in January of this year. They can not file to appeal this issue again." —FB post.

Ban Prohibitions and Reversals State Prohibitions Local officials reversed ban

Prohibitions of Bans State Prohibitions of Local Bans.

State laws prohibit local bans.

We include the 2 Arizona and the 2 Ohio jurisdictions because our count is of bans that have passed, including those nullified by legislative (state) act.

Pile of poop frowning emoji

Phoenix ban passed 12/2013
Tempe ban passed 2/2016

... Before the state legislature prohibited puppy store bans.

Likewise Ohio:

Toledo ban passed 12/2013
Grove City ban passed 3/2016

Details and jurisdiction information:  Arizona ↑ Ohio ↑

In May 2016, the Arizona legislature enacted a law prohibiting local communities from ending animal suffering by passing retail store restriction and ban ordinances, nullifying the 2 local bans that had been passed in Phoenix (12/13) and Tempe (02/16).

In December 2016, Ohio followed suit, nullifying two local bans in Toledo (12/13) and Grove City (03/16).Thumbs down emoji

Both state laws created statewide strong restrictions on all stores, though those measures are ineffective.

See the Strong Restrictions summary ↑ for details.

We count all bans that were passed by community activists and regulatory bodies, therefore the state prohibitions have not altered our count of bans. Our count of bans passed includes the 4 bans passed in Arizona and Ohio.

Reversals Local officials reversed ban

NB: We have, however, removed from our count the Las Vegas ban passed in January 2016. The city council REVERSED their ban in November 2017.

So far, only jurisdiction has made this mistake, noted on our my_location Google Interactive Map ↑ with a black puppy head icon Local officials reversed ban

Resolutions of SupportSupport

cities, counties and state departments have issued statements and resolutions of support toencourage other jurisdictionsto pass bans. Details ↑ ….

email Something we're missing? Email us with updates. ⇾

pets Maps, Reporting, Additional Research:
Puppy Mill Free US, since 7/11/2013. info_outline FB Twitter

Questions, concerns, updates?

send Us An E-mail →