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Jurisdiction Count

jurisdictions in North America have passed bans or strong restrictions on retail sales of puppies, kittens and sometimes rabbits, ferrets, pigs and other animals.

ordinances in 2016

ordinances since 10.26.2015

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Bans Restrictions

States and Provinces Map

Interactive Map of International Bans & Restrictions
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City Ban County Ban Strong restrictions. Active Puppy Store Rabbit Sales Bans Other Bans Other Bans Failed Lawsuits Lawsuits Against Stores State Prohibitions Support
Bans w/ Stores
Failed Lawsuits
Suits v. Stores
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BansMap of Bans

Throughout North America, jurisdictions [US: , Canada: ] have passed a ban on the sales of puppies, kittens and sometimes rabbits, ferrets, pigs and other animals in retail stores unless procured from accredited shelters or rescues, also known as "adopt-only" ordinances.

Strong RestrictionsStrong Restrictions.

Strong restrictions include ordinances that require pet stores to post breeder information on the cages of pets for sale and do not allow pets from mills that have had a USDA inspection violation in the past 2-5 years, variously. These are next to impossible to enforce, allow for business as usual and are dependent on consumers and watch dog organizations to report violations.

On the upside, when strong restrictions are proven to be repeatedly violated, it leaves a governing council or legislature no choice but to implement a total ban.

If the jurisdictions with strong restrictions [US: , Canada: ] that are causing puppy stores to close or change to humane are included, the number of international jurisdictions with pet sales bans or strong restrictions is .

Bans With Stores Active Puppy Stores

Jurisdictions cite the reasons for the ordinance as humanitarian in nature since animals in puppy and kitten stores are virtually all sourced from large scale breeding operations, a.k.a. "puppy mills." Also frequently cited are issues of fraud as animals sold as pure-bred are sometimes not and animals born from sickly animals in pet mills can cost consumers in veterinarian and training bills. As costs rise, animals are sometimes turned over to local, tax payer-funded shelters or sold online.

By our count, at least bans have passed injursidictions that had at least one operating store in them, the majority of which are effective immediately. Some have limited grandfathering, usually 6 months. Noted on our map with a red puppy head icon.

Rabbit Sales BansRabbit Sales Bans

jurisdictions name rabbits in their bans of retail sales. Rabbits are often sourced from the same kind of reprehensible conditions as puppy and kitten mills, where profits are of greater concern than the animals' well-being. This is why the term pet mills has come about.

Other Animal Sales BansPot-Bellied Pig BansFerret Sales Bans

jurisdictions name other animals in their retail sales bans including ferret sales bans, long-lived birds, large reptiles and pot-belled pig bans.

Activists and elected officials argue that most animals found in stores are produced by the same pet mill animal suffering paradigm as puppy mills.

LawsuitsFailed Lawsuits

To date, 11:11 (10 federal and 1 local) court lawsuits against jurisdictions have failed (including 2 appeals and 2 withdrawals) andall bans have been upheld.The lawsuits were brought by store owners and large-scale breeder support organizations. Details….

known lawsuits are currently being brought against puppy stores and national chains selling puppies, kittens and other animals sourced from pet mills. Details….

ProhibitionsState Prohibitions

. In May 2016, Arizona enacted a law that prohibits local communities from ending animal suffering by passing retail store restriction and ban ordinances and nullified the 2 that had been passed.

The law also created a statewide strong restriction on all stores.

We list bans that were passed, sowe have not changed the number of bansand include the bans passed in Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona.

Resolutions of SupportSupport

cities, counties and state departments have issued statements and resolutions of support toencourage other jurisdictionsto pass bans. Details ….

Email us with updates. →


jurisdictions have passed retail pet sale bans or strong restrictions

Red White and Blue image with the phrase Change to Humane.
More posters…
  • Cities City Ban
  • CountiesCounty Bans
Strong Restrictions:
  • CitiesStrong restrictions.
  • CountyStrong restrictions.
  • StatesStrong restrictions.

Breakdown by Country

Cities, Counties and States:
  • Full bans passed, ( cities and counties)City BanCounty Bans
  • Strong restrictions, ( cities, county and states)Strong restrictions.
  • Full bans passed, ( cities) City Ban
  • Strong restrictions, (1 city)Strong restrictions.
  • cities/counties passed full ban.
  • passed bans or strong restrictions.

states/provinces have passed local bansCity Banor strong restrictionsStrong restrictions.

US states passed local bansCity Ban also passed strong restrictionsStrong restrictions.

States and Provinces
  1. Arizona []City BanStrong restrictions.State Prohibitionsjurisdictions +
    Bans nullified by state law.
    1. Phoenix12/2013
    2. Tempe02/2016
  2. California []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. South Lake Tahoe04/2009
    2. West Hollywood02/2010
    3. Hermosa Beach03/2010
    4. Turlock05/2010
    5. Glendale08/2011
    6. Irvine10/2011
    7. Dana Point01/2012
    8. Chula Vista03/2012
    9. Laguna Beach05/2012
    10. Aliso Viejo05/2012
    11. Huntington Beach06/2012
    12. Los Angeles10/2012
    13. Burbank02/2013
    14. Rancho Mirage02/2013
    15. San Diego07/2013
    16. Ventura County12/2013
    17. Chino Hills10/2014
    18. Oceanside01/2015
    19. Long Beach03/2015
    20. Garden Grove04/2015
    21. Encinitas06/2015
    22. Beverly Hills07/2015
    23. Vista09/2015
    24. Palm Springs09/2015
    25. San Marcos01/2016
    26. Cathedral City01/2016
    27. Truckee02/2016
    28. La Quinta03/2016
    29. Indio04/2016
    30. Carlsbad05/2016
    31. Colton06/2016
    32. Solana Beach06/2016
    33. close x
  3. Colorado []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Fountain05/2011
  4. Florida []City BanStrong restrictions.jurisdictions +
    1. Lake Worth02/2011
    2. North Bay Village05/2011
    3. Flagler Beach11/2011
    4. Coral Gables11/2011
    5. Opa-Locka11/2011
    6. Hallandale Beach04/2012
    7. Sunrise04/2013
    8. Margate10/2013
    9. Pinecrest10/2013
    10. Palmetto Bay12/2013
    11. Coconut Creek01/2014
    12. Wellington01/2014
    13. Surfside02/2014
    14. Aventura03/2014
    15. Wilton Manors03/2014
    16. Greenacres04/2014
    17. North Lauderdale04/2014
    18. Bay Harbor Islands04/2014
    19. Pompano Beach05/2014
    20. Bal Harbour Village05/2014
    21. Sunny Isles Beach05/2014
    22. Miami Beach05/2014
    23. North Miami Beach05/2014
    24. Dania Beach06/2014
    25. Palm Beach Gardens07/2014
    26. Juno Beach08/2014
    27. Cutler Bay08/2014
    28. North Palm Beach08/2014
    29. Hypoluxo09/2014
    30. Jupiter10/2014
    31. Homestead10/2014
    32. Tamarac12/2014
    33. Palm Beach01/2015
    34. North Miami04/2015
    35. Lauderhill04/2015
    36. Fernandina Beach07/2015
    37. Jacksonville Beach08/2015
    38. Deerfield Beach11/2015
    39. West Melbourne11/2015
    40. Casselberry11/2015
    41. Neptune Beach01/2016
    42. Sarasota County01/2016
    43. Delray Beach03/2016
    44. South Miami01/2016
    45. Hollywood06/2016
    46. Saint Petersburg07/2016
    47. close x
  5. Illinois []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Waukegan06/2012
    2. Chicago03/2014
    3. Cook County05/2015
    4. Warrenville01/2016
  6. Maryland []City BanStrong restrictions.jurisdictions +
    1. Montgomery County02/2015
  7. Massachusetts []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Boston03/2016
  8. Michigan []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Eastpointe09/2015
    2. Fraser12/2015
  9. Nevada []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Las Vegas01/2016
    2. Mesquite05/2016
  10. New Jersey []City BanStrong Restrictionsjurisdictions +
    1. Point Pleasant05/2012
    2. Brick02/2016
    3. Manasquan09/2012
    4. Point Pleasant Beach10/2012
    5. Hoboken08/2013
    6. Oceanport08/2013
    7. North Brunswick10/2013
    8. Randolph09/2014
    9. Camden County09/2015
    10. Audubon10/2015
    11. Voorhees Township10/2015
    12. Brooklawn10/2015
    13. Cherry Hill10/2015
    14. Waterford10/2015
    15. Merchantville11/2015
    16. Laurel Springs12/2015
    17. Oaklyn12/2015
    18. Somerdale11/2015
    19. Haddon Heights12/2015
    20. Westville11/2015
    21. Mercer County11/2015
    22. Deptford12/2015
    23. Runnemede12/2015
    24. Magnolia12/2015
    25. Gloucester Township12/2015
    26. Glassboro12/2015
    27. Monmouth County01/2016
    28. Ocean County02/2016
    29. Bellmawr01/2016
    30. Berlin Township02/2016
    31. Clementon03/2016
    32. Middlesex County03/2016
    33. Pine Hill03/2016
    34. Winslow Township03/2016
    35. Haddon Township03/2016
    36. Jackson03/2016
    37. Collingswood04/2016
    38. Audubon Park04/2016
    39. Mount Ephraim04/2016
    40. Barrington04/2016
    41. Berlin Borough04/2016
    42. East Brunswick04/2016
    43. Gloucester City04/2016
    44. Chesilhurst05/2016
    45. Greenwich Township05/2016
    46. Passaic County05/2016
    47. West Deptford05/2016
    48. Pennsauken05/2016
    49. Gibbsboro06/2016
    50. Beverly06/2016
    51. Little Ferry06/2016
    52. Hi-Nella06/2016
    53. Wyckoff06/2016
    54. Lindenwold06/2016
    55. Bordentown06/2016
    56. Hackensack06/2016
    57. Mt. Holly07/2016
    58. Camden07/2016
    59. Pitman07/2016
    60. Maywood07/2016
    61. East Rutherford07/2016
    62. Union City07/2016
      57. Washington Twnshp06/2016 Mayor vetoed. Council override expected.
    63. close x
  11. New Mexico []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Albuquerque06/2006
  12. New York []City BanStrong restrictions.jurisdictions +
    1. Mamaroneck02/2016
    2. Mount Pleasant03/2016
  13. Ohio []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Toledo12/2013
    2. Grove City03/2016
  14. Pennsylvania []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Pittsburgh12/2015
    2. Philadelphia04/2016
  15. Rhode Island []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. East Providence06/2014
  16. Texas []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. El Paso10/2010
    2. Austin12/2010
  17. Utah []City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Salt Lake County10/2015

Canadian provinces with local bansBans. 1 also passed strong restrictionsStrong restrictions.

  1. British Columbia [2]City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Richmond11/2010
    2. New Westminster11/2012
  2. Ontario []City BanStrong restrictions.jurisdictions +
    1. Mississauga07/2012
    2. Toronto02/2013
    3. Kingston08/2013
    4. Vaughan04/2014
    5. Waterloo08/2014
    6. Ottawa03/2016
    7. Oakville03/2016
    8. Richmond Hill06/2016
      • Cambridge05/2016. Pending Ratification, 9/2016.
  3. Quebec [3]City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Rosemont-La Petite Patrie12/2011
    2. Hudson09/2014
    3. Beaconsfield12/2015

US states with local or statewide restrictionsStrong restrictions. also passed bansBans.

  1. Arizona [1 statewide strong restriction]Strong restrictions.City BanStates prohibiting local bans.[2 bans nullified by State.]
  2. Connecticut [1 statewide strong restriction]Strong restrictions.
  3. Florida [3 local strong restrictions]Strong restrictions.City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Parkland11/2010
    2. Plantation08/2015
    3. Coral Springs09/2015
  4. Louisiana [1 statewide strong restriction]Strong restrictions.
  5. Maryland [1 statewide strong restriction]Strong restrictions.City Ban
  6. New Jersey [: 1 city and 1 statewide strong restrictions]Strong restrictions.City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Emerson06/2016
  7. New York [: 1 city and 1 county local strong restrictions]Strong restrictions.City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Suffolk County06/2014
    2. New York City12/2014
  8. Virginia [: 1 city and 1 statewide strong restrictions]Strong restrictions.jurisdictions +
    1. Virginia Beach03/2016

Canadian province with local restrictionStrong restrictions. Province has passed 8 bansBan.

  1. Ontario [1]Strong restrictions.City Banjurisdictions +
    1. Welland11/2014

Resolutions and Statements of SupportResolutions of Support

  1. New York State Attorney General Resolution of SupportState or Province
  2. Macomb County, Michigan Resolution of SupportSupport
  3. Camden County, New Jersey: 15 incorporated jurisdictionsResolution of SupportSupport
  4. Middlesex County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictionsResolution of SupportSupport
  5. Ocean County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictionsResolution of SupportCounty
  6. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Resolution of SupportCity Resolution of Support
  7. Monmouth County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictionsResolution of SupportCounty
  8. Mercer County, New Jersey: 11 incorporated jurisdictions.Resolution of SupportCounty
  9. Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaResolution of SupportCity
  10. Passaic County, New Jersey: incorporated jurisdictions.Resolution of SupportCounty

11:11 Lawsuits Against Bans Have Failed. Bans Upheld

Jurisdictions and activists have won in federal courts 10 times: San Diego puppy store owner David Salinas sued each individual member of the City Council, activists and organizations including Companion Animal Protection Society and Humane Society of the US which helped write the ordinance. Judge dismissed the charges for all but the City of San Diego. A month later, Mr. Salinas dropped the suit against the city.

Cook County suit was dismissed twice by a federal judge: First in May and again with new arguments in August. Cook County, 2:2.

Embattled NJ puppy store chain owner (and owner of a MO puppy mill) Vincent LoSacco dropped his suit against the borough of Emerson, NJ, 7/2016.

  1. San Diego, CaliforniaFailed Lawsuits
    • Aug 2014, judge dismissed most charges.
    • Sep 2014, plaintiff dropped suit.
  2. East Providence, Rhode Island - Mar 2015, dismissed.Failed Lawsuits
  3. Cook County, Illinois - May 2015, dismissed.Failed Lawsuits
  4. Sunrise, Florida - Jun 2015, upheld.Failed Lawsuits
  5. Phoenix, Florida - Jul 2015, upheld.Failed Lawsuits
  6. Cook County, Illinois - Aug 2015, appeal dismissed.Failed Lawsuits
  7. New York, New York - Oct 2015, dismissed. [Strong restrictions]Failed Lawsuits
  8. Chicago, Illinois - Nov 2015, dismissed.Failed Lawsuits
  9. East Providence, Rhode Island - Dec 2015, appeal dismissed.Failed Lawsuits
  10. Palm Beach Gardens, Florida - Dec 2015, dismissed under summary judgement.Failed Lawsuits
  11. Emerson, New Jersey - Jul 2016, store owner dropped suit against borough.Failed Lawsuits
See map layer "Failed Legal Challenges" for details and links.
Failed Lawsuits

Lawsuits Against StoresSuits Against Stores

  1. Class-Action v. Barkworks, Southern CA, 9/2014, expanded.Lawsuit Against Store Original posting from 1/2013, “Furry Babies” Pet Store Faces Lawsuit for Allegedly Selling Unhealthy Puppy Mill Puppies and latest update, 6/2016:

    Good news for consumers and dogs: an Illinois court has ruled that a lawsuit alleging that a Chicago-area pet store chain that sold sick puppy mill puppies can proceed to trial, rejecting the pet store’s second attempt to have the case dismissed.

  2. Class-Action v. Barkworks, Southern CA, 9/2014, expanded.Lawsuit Against Store

    Barkworks, a pet-store chain in four Southern California counties. In October, ALDF broadly expanded its lawsuit against Barkworks, initially filed in Orange County in September 2014 on behalf of a handful of individual plaintiffs, by adding class-action allegations, thus filing on behalf of a broad class of misled purchasers of the chain's puppies.

  3. Mount Clemens, Michigan, 8/2015Lawsuit Against Store
  4. Petland Pet Store National Chain, Atlanta, Georgia, 11/2015Lawsuit Against Store
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Other Categories

Data Sources / Resources

Companion Animal Protection Society Humane Society of the United States ASPCA
AVMA Puppy Mill Project ARFF
American Veterinary Medical Assoc. The Puppy Mill Project Animal Rights Foundation Florida
Michigan Friends Best Friends PMF Texas
MICHIGAN Friends of Companion Animals Best Friends Puppy Mill Free TEXAS
Maine Coalition Dachsund Haven Oscars Law
MAINE Citizens Against Puppy Mills Dachsund Haven SOUTH Africa Oscar's Law Australia
ALDF Puppy Mill Awareness Home For Spot
Animal Legal Defense Fund Puppy Mill Awareness of Southeast MICHIGAN A Home For Spot
PMF MA PMF Sarasota
Massachusetts Coalition to End Puppy Mills Puppy Mill Free Sarasota County FLORIDA
Social Petwork NV PAC
The Social Petwork, CANADA NEVADA Poilitical Action for Animals
PMF Alberta PMF Long Island
Bailing Out Benji HSUS Puppy Mills
Bailing Out Benji Humane Society of the US, Puppy Mill Campaign
OHIO Voters for Companion Animals Puppy Mill Free ARIZONA
PMF CT Humane AZ
CONNECTICUT Coalition Against Puppy Mills Humane Voters of ARIZONA
NEW JERSEY Puppy Mill Awareness & Information WISCONSIN Citizens Against Puppy Mills
Puppy Mill Free NYC Puppy Mill Free COLORADO
ALABAMA Puppy Mill Project Puppy Mill Awareness of NW OHIO
Shut down Petland in Kennesaw, GEORGIA No Dreamy Puppy, Fredericksburg, VIRGINIA
Southern CALIFORNIA Companion Animal Defenders Puppy Mill Free PENNSYLVANIA
Dog By Dog Documentary IOWA friends of companion animals
Dog By Dog IOWA Friends of Companion Animals
PMF PA Colorado Citizens for Canine Welfare
PITTSBURG Puppy Mill Awareness Colorado Citizens for Canine Welfare

Maps, Reporting, Additional Research: Puppy Mill Free US, since 7/11/2013.